Web Activity - Homosexual Victims of the Holocaust

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Web Activity - Homosexual Victims of the Holocaust

Web Activity - Homosexual Victims of the Holocaust

Dr. Magnus HirschfeldHomosexuals

Students will examine why the gay community, particularly the homosexual community was persecuted during the Holocaust. Students will look at the type of persecution they faced. As part of the Nazis’ attempt to purify society and create a "Aryan master race", they condemned homosexuals as "socially Aberrant." Soon after taking office, Hitler banned all homosexual organizations. Greatly weakened and driven under-ground, this subculture had flourished in the relative freedom of the 1920’s, in the pubs and cafes of Berlin, Hamburg, Munich, Bremen, and other cities.

A. What were some specific acts that the Nazis passed against the gay community? 

Persecution of Homosexuals in the Third Reich
 
http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005261

B. Who was Dr. Magnus Hirschfeld? 

Dr. Magnus Hirschfeld (1868-1935)
http://www.hardenet.com/homocaust/hirschfeld.htm
 
Dr. Magnus Hirschfeld - The Stonewall Society
http://www.stonewallsociety.com/famouspeople/magnus.htm

Homosexuals in Nazi Germany
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magnus_Hirschfeld

Homosexuals Brochure - U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum
http://www.ushmm.org/m/pdfs/2000926-Homosexuals.pdf

C. Explain the Himmler laws against the Homosexuals. 

Persecution of Homosexuals in the Third Reich

http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005261

Homosexuals Brochure - U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum
http://www.ushmm.org/m/pdfs/2000926-Homosexuals.pdf

D. Who was Ernst Rohm and what happened to him?

Ernst Rohm - Jewish Virtual Library
http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/biography/Roehm.html

Homosexuals Brochure - U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum

http://www.ushmm.org/m/pdfs/2000926-Homosexuals.pdf

E. Describe how Homosexuals were treated before and during the Holocaust. 

Homosexuals - Teacher's Guide to the Holocaust
http://fcit.coedu.usf.edu/holocaust/people/VictHomo.htm

Persecution of Homosexuals in the Third Reich
http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005261

F. Describe how Homosexuals were tortured in concentration camps. 
Political Prisoner Vera Laska Testimony
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0S8b46j9gGo
 
The Camps - Homocaust: The Gay Victims of the Holocaust
http://www.hardenet.com/homocaust/thecamps.htm 

G. Discuss the life of Josef Kohout, a homosexual survivor of the Holocaust. 

Personalizing Nazis' Homosexual Victims by David W. Dunlap
http://www.writing.upenn.edu/~afilreis/Holocaust/personalize-gays.html

H. Discuss how Lesbians were treated in comparison to Homosexuals during the Nazi period. 


Homosexuals Brochure - U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum
http://www.ushmm.org/m/pdfs/2000926-Homosexuals.pdf

I. Compile photo archives, including those of groups, mug shots, individual portraits, gay/lesbian bars, public baths, and the raid on the Institute for Sexual Sciences. 

Homosexuals - Teacher's Guide to the Holocaust
http://fcit.coedu.usf.edu/holocaust/people/VictHomo.htm

Photos: Homosexual Memorials
http://fcit.coedu.usf.edu/holocaust/resource/gallery/Homosexu.htm

Persecution of Homosexuals in the Third Reich
http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005261 
Be sure to see photographs by clicking on "View Photographs" to right of image.

J. What was paragraph 175? 

Persecution of Homosexuals in the Third Reich
http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005261

K. How many Homosexuals were killed during the Holocaust? 

Homosexuals (Overview) - Teacher's Guide to the Holocaust
http://fcit.coedu.usf.edu/holocaust/people/victims.htm#homosexuals

Homosexuals Brochure - U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum
http://www.ushmm.org/m/pdfs/2000926-Homosexuals.pdf


Created July 2001 by Cheryl T. Naslund, Library-Media Specialist at Union Endicott High School Library Media Center. Last updated November 10, 2106.  Your comments and suggestions are encouraged.

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