Students will be divided up into groups of 4. Each group will be researching a specific group that was persecuted during the Holocaust. Each group will be making a visual Portfolio and investigating various questions for their topic. How you do this is up to you. You need to use the required pamphlets and the web page, “Victims of the Holocaust”. In addition to this, information can be gathered from the Wexner learning center located at the United States Holocaust Museum. Some groups will be looking at specific videos to help in your research. No credit will be given at all for any parts handed in late. If your group members are absent, it is still your responsibility to hand the material in. No exceptions!!!!
Children - The Youngest Victims
Students will understand why the Nazis wanted to exterminate all Jewish children. Students will understand why they wanted to enslave, kidnap, or exterminate the children of Poland and Eastern Europe. Students will understand the extent to which the Holocaust made adolescence even more difficult. Students will also examine why Hitler wanted to kill the youth, how he carried this out, and visually see the cruelty of his acts.
A. Discuss the following:
B. Use the book the Children We Remember. This book shows pictures of the one million children who were killed at the hands of the Nazis. This book is a collection of photographs from Yad Vashem archives in Jerusalem and is an essay of the children that died in the Holocaust. Looking at these pictures and faces of children will remind students of the incredible losses and extraordinary suffering as well as the consequences of prejudice and hate. Use these pictures from this book and other sources on the web page to investigate what life was like in general for Jewish children before the Nazis took control.
C. Investigate the life of Anne Frank and other children that hid during the war.
Who is Anne Frank? - The Anne Frank Center USA
Be sure to click on the Scrapbook, Timeline, Diary Excerpts and FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions) links to the left.
The Anne Frank HouseThe Secret Annex Online: The Hiding Place in 3D
Anne Frank and her Diary - Timeline
The Holocaust in Holland: Segregating the Jews - Lest We Forget
D. Use the book, I Never Saw Another Butterfly by Hana Volakova. This book is a compilation of poems and drawings created by children who passed through Terezin, between 1942 and 1944. Children used poetry and art to convey their feelings, hopes and dreams and fears. Of the 15,000 who went to Terezin, only 100 survived. Read the poems (select several) and discuss what they tell about the children’s hopes, dreams and fears during this time period.
E. What were some of the injustices and cruelties that children were exposed to during the Holocaust?
Children - A Teacher's Guide to the Holocaust
F. Look at the pictures from the next site and describe how the rule of Hitler and The Nazis impact children.
Children - Holocaust Encyclopedia
I. Look at the pictures of ghetto life. Describe what ghetto life was like for children and families.
Photos: The Warsaw Ghetto II - A Teacher's Guide to the Holocaust
Photos: Life in Other Ghettos - A Teacher's Guide to the Holocaust
J. Find out how the town of Le Chambon-sur-Lignon helped and hid Jewish children in France during the war.
Le Chambon-sur-Lignon - United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
View Video entitled Le Chambon-sur-Lignon.
K. Investigate the life of either, Barbara Rodbell, Shulamit Lack or Faye Schulman .
Daring to Resist: Three Women Face the Holocaust
L. How many children died during the Holocaust?
Children - Teacher's Guide to the Holocaust
M. Was it possible for children to survive if they were a certain age?
Check with Broz
N. Find out what one man...
NOT IDLY BY Peter Bergson, America and the Holocaust (4 minute excerpt)