Victims of the Holocaust

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Victims of the Holocaust

The Holocaust - Victims of the Holocaust

Victims of the Holocaust

Timelines

Timeline of the Holocaust: 1933-1945 - Museum of Tolerance
http://motlc.wiesenthal.com/site/pp.asp?c=gvKVLcMVIuG&b=394669
Chronological timeline of WWII and the Holocaust.

Timeline of the Holocaust: 1933-1945 - A Teachers Guide to the Holocaust
http://fcit.usf.edu/holocaust/timeline/timeline.htm

Holocaust Timeline - The History Place
http://www.historyplace.com/worldwar2/holocaust/timeline.html
Timeline of Hitler's rise to power in 1933-45.  Includes several definitions and photographs of key events and leaders.


Victims - General Information

Mosaic of Victims - U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum
http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/index.php?ModuleId=10005149
Brief overview of various victims of Hitler's rule.

Victims of the Holocaust - Teacher's Guide to the Holocaust
http://fcit.coedu.usf.edu/holocaust/people/victims.htm
Summaries of victimized groups during the Holocaust including: The Jews, Poles, Homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses and People with Physical and Mental Disabilities.  Provides an excellent overview with several additional links.


Badges and Identification 

Victims
http://fcit.coedu.usf.edu/holocaust/people/victims.htm
Shows colors and pictures of ID badges worn by various groups of prisoners throughout the Holocaust.

Identification Documentation

The Lodz Ghetto Work Pass of Dwosia Spektor
http://www.shtetlinks.jewishgen.org/lodz/workpass.htm

Holocaust Slave Labor Compensation
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/holocaust-slaves-set-to-gain-compensation-1173249.html

Erna "Sara" Fromm's Passport

http://www.chgs.umn.edu/histories/minnesotans/oertelt/images2.html
Examples of international Jewish passports and identification cards used for traveling across international borders.  Shows "J" stamped on to passport and Jewish name changes.

Auschwitz Tattooing
http://www.chgs.umn.edu/educational/tattoo.html
Site includes picture gallery of scenes from Auschwitz, a prisoner's ID tattoo from Auschwitz, passport and inventory lists of valuables confiscated from Jews upon arrival at the concentration camp.

Tattoos and Numbers: The System of Identifying Prisoners at Auschwitz NEW
http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10007056

First ID (Post Concentration Camp)
http://www.chgs.umn.edu/histories/minnesotans/oertelt/images9.html
Shows documents of freed Jews upon liberation from Auschwitz.


Jews

Jews (Overview) - Teacher's Guide to the Holocaust
http://fcit.coedu.usf.edu/holocaust/people/victims.htm#Jewish
Provides an overview of Jewish persecution during the Holocaust.

Jewish Victims of the Holocaust - Teacher's Guide to the Holocaust
http://fcit.coedu.usf.edu/holocaust/people/VictJew.htm
Provides several web links to documents on the Wannsee Conference, Nazi Sterlization Program, execution of Jews, Jewish life and culture, Anne Frank, and Jewish history and customs.  Includes several detailed summaries with pictures.

36 Questions about the Holocaust - Museum of Tolerance (check with TB)
http://motlc.wiesenthal.com/site/pp.asp?c=gvKVLcMVIuG&b=394663

Survivors - Teacher's Guide to the Holocaust
http://fcit.coedu.usf.edu/holocaust/people/survivor.htm
Includes detailed personal accounts from several Holocaust survivors.


Gypsies - Sinta/Roma

Gypsies in the Holocaust 

http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/gypsies.html

Roma (Gypsies) (Overview) - Teacher's Guide to the Holocaust
http://fcit.coedu.usf.edu/holocaust/people/victims.htm#Roma
Provides an overview of Gypsy persecution during the Holocaust.

Sinta and Roma - Teacher's Guide to the Holocaust
http://fcit.coedu.usf.edu/holocaust/people/victroma.htm
Provides several excellent links about the fate of Gypsies in Germany and the Occupied Countries.  Provides a detailed summary of the history of Roma persecution in Europe from 1589 to the present.

Roma & Sinti (Gypsies)Check with TB
http://www.chgs.umn.edu/histories/victims/romaSinti/index.html
Pictures.

Persecution of European Roma (Gypsies) in Pre-War Germany, 1933-1939 - U.S. Holocaust Memorial MuseumCheck with TB
http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005482

Genocide of European Roma (Gypsies), 1939-1945 - U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum
http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005219
Includes pictures, maps, and a detailed summary on the life of Sinti-Roma Gypsies.

O Porrajmos - Roma (Gypsies) in the Holocaust - The Patrin Web Journal
http://www.reocities.com/Paris/5121/holcaust.htm
Includes several links to topics including: The Genocide of the Roma, Roma persecution, Roma and Nazi terror, the Gypsy Final Solution, the Gypsy Genocide, and the trend to minimize the Romani Holocaust.

Poles

Poles and Other Slavs (Overview) - Teacher's Guide to the Holocaust

http://fcit.coedu.usf.edu/holocaust/people/victims.htm#Poles
Provides a brief overview of Polish persecution during the Holocaust.

Poles - Teacher's Guide to the Holocaust
http://fcit.coedu.usf.edu/holocaust/people/VictPole.htm
Provides several excellent links about the fate of Poles during the Holocaust.  Links include: Five Million Forgotten, Forced Labor, Life Inside a Concentration Camp, and Poles - Victims of the Nazi Era.

Polish Victims - U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum
http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005473

Includes information on the killing of the Intelligentsia through the AB Aktion Extraordinary Pacification Project, pictures, maps, and a summary of Polish persecution.

Six Million Polish Citizens Were Killed During the Holocaust
http://www.holocaustforgotten.com/poland.htm

Directory of Major Concentration and Labor Camps
http://motlc.wiesenthal.com/site/pp.asp?c=gvKVLcMVIuG&b=394731
Provides maps, text, and documentation on forced labor camps, concentration camps, Nazi physicians, the Kapo, the Muselman, and medical experiments.


Dignity and Defiance: The Confrontation of Life and Death in the Warsaw Ghetto - Museum of Tolerance
http://motlc.wiesenthal.com/site/pp.aspx?c=ivKVLcMVIsG&b=476119
Provides a summary of life inside the Warsaw Ghetto.  Includes maps, charts, and photos.


And I Still See their Faces: Images of Polish Jews - Museum of Tolerance
http://motlc.wiesenthal.com/site/pp.aspx?c=jmKYJeNVJrF&b=478527
Personal accounts and photos of Polish victims during the Holocaust.


Jehovah's Witnesses

Jehovah's Witnesses (Overview) - Teacher's Guide to the Holocaust

http://fcit.coedu.usf.edu/holocaust/people/victims.htm#JW
Provides an overview of the persecution of Jehovah's Witnesses during the Holocaust.

Jehovah's Witnesses - Teacher's Guide to the Holocaust
http://fcit.coedu.usf.edu/holocaust/people/VictJeho.htm
Provides maps, charts, pictures, and documents.  Additional links to the Simon Liebster story, Franz Wohltaht, and a timeline.

Jehovah's Witnesses: Persecution 1870-1936 - U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum
http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/index.php?ModuleId=10005433
Photographs and text on the history of the Jehovah's Witnesses.

Jehovah's Witnesses - U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum
http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/index.php?ModuleId=10005394
Discusses specific Nazi actions against the Jehovah's Witnesses.


Children

Children - Teacher's Guide to the Holocaust

http://fcit.coedu.usf.edu/holocaust/people/children.htm
Provides an overview of the persecution of children during the Holocaust.

Children - U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum
http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/index.php?ModuleId=10005142
Provides photos, timeline, and text of children during the Nazi period.  Describes life in the ghetto and concentration camps.

Anne Frank Timeline - Anne Frank.org

http://www.annefrank.org/en/Subsites/Timeline

The Secret Annex Online - Anne Frank House - Anne Frank.org
http://www.annefrank.org/en/Subsites/Home 
Features a detailed tour of Anne's house, her room, and the Annex, the rooms in Amsterdam office building that hid the Frank family and friends for just over two years.  Click on links at the left of the page.

The Anne Frank Scrapbook - The Anne Frank Center USA
http://www.annefrank.com/1_life.htm
http://www.annefrank.com/who-is-anne-frank/scrapbook/
Features Anne’s Story as shown in a photo scrapbook of Anne’s life and family.

Non-Jewish Children in the Camps

http://motlc.wiesenthal.com/site/pp.asp?c=gvKVLcMVIuG&b=395115

Daring to Resist: Three Women Face the Holocaust
http://www.pbs.org/daringtoresist/
Follow individual links on each of the then teenagers.

Homosexuals

Homosexuals (Overview) - Teacher's Guide to the Holocaust

http://fcit.coedu.usf.edu/holocaust/people/victims.htm#homosexuals
Provides an overview of homosexual persecution during the Holocaust.

Homosexuals - Teacher's Guide to the Holocaust
http://fcit.coedu.usf.edu/holocaust/people/VictHomo.htm
Provides links to topics including: homosexuals in Nazi Germany, treatment of homosexuals, eyewitness descriptions of treatment in camps, homosexuality in the Third Reich, Paragraph 175, and the Pink Triangle page.

Persecution of Homosexuals in the Third Reich
http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005261
Summary of homosexuality during the Holocaust.


Handicapped/Mentally Ill/Medical Experiments

People with Physical and Mental Disabilities (Overview) - Teacher's Guide to the Holocaust

http://fcit.coedu.usf.edu/holocaust/people/victims.htm#Disabled
Provides a summary of the treatment of people with disabilities and the mentally ill under the Nazis.

Handicapped - Teacher's Guide to the Holocaust
http://fcit.coedu.usf.edu/holocaust/people/VictHand.htm
Provides links to: the T-4 Program, Nazi euthanasia program, personal accounts, and handicapped victims of the Third Reich.

Euthanasia Program - U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum
http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/index.php?ModuleId=10005200
Pictures of the Hadamar Euthanasia Center and maps showing euthanasia centers in Germany.

Euthanasia -Map: Euthanasia Centers - Germany - 1940-1945 - U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum
http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/media_nm.php?ModuleId=10005200&MediaId=374

Nazi Euthanasia
http://www.historyplace.com/worldwar2/holocaust/h-euthanasia.htm
Discusses the Nazi T-4 Euthanasia Program (code name "Aktion T4") targeted at the mentally ill, the elderly and the handicapped.

Medical Experiments of the Holocaust and Nazi Medicine
http://remember.org/educate/medexp.html

Nazi Medical Experiments
http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/sp/article.php?ModuleId=10005168

Medical Experiments Table of Contentshttp://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/medtoc.html

Medical Experiments
http://fcit.usf.edu/HOLOCAUST/resource/document/DocMedEx.htm


Medical Experiments at Auschwitz
www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/aumed.html

Timeline results for nazi physicians- Google

Online Exhibitions | The Doctors Trial

http://www.ushmm.org/research/doctors/

Holocaust Images

The Courage to Remember: The Holocaust 1933-1945
http://motlc.wiesenthal.com/site/pp.asp?c=gvKVLcMVIuG&b=395221

The Courage to Remember: The Holocaust 1933-1945 - Teacher's Guide
http://motlc.wiesenthal.com/site/pp.asp?c=gvKVLcMVIuG&b=394891

The Courage to Remember: The Holocaust 1933-1945 - Index
http://motlc.wiesenthal.com/site/pp.asp?c=gvKVLcMVIuG&b=394693


Holocaust Links

Teacher's Guide to the Holocaust - People
http://fcit.coedu.usf.edu/holocaust/people/people.htm
A "must-see" content-rich site that provides an overview to the people and events of the Holocaust  through photographs, testimonies, music, art, and literature. The site provides a factual but chilling account of the Holocaust, its victims and perpetrators.


Holocaust Museums


U. S. Holocaust Memorial Museum - Topics to Teach
http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/sp/article.php?ModuleId=10007262

U. S. Holocaust Memorial Museum - Mosaic of Victims
http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005149
Provides access to our national collection of Holocaust information, photographs, and memorabilia.

Museum of Tolerance Online Multimedia Learning Center - Simon Weisenthal Center
http://motlc.wiesenthal.com/site/pp.asp?c=gvKVLcMVIuG&b=358201
From the Simon Weisenthal Center  in Los Angeles, this Holocaust resource includes frequently asked questions, a Teachers Resource Guide which includes a glossary, a timeline, articles, a 36 question and answer page, and more. With nearly 200 original photographs, many never before seen by the general public, The Courage to Remember online exhibit offers virtual exhibits of Holocaust photographs and artifacts.


Holocaust Terms

Glossary of the Holocaust - Museum of Tolerance - Simon Wiesenthal Center
http://motlc.wiesenthal.com/site/pp.asp?c=gvKVLcMVIuG&b=394665
A comprehensive list of terms and their related context associated with the Holocaust.  Includes individual people and the roles they played.


General History Research Links

The History Place
http://www.historyplace.com/
A visually elegant online museum of exhibits related to history including photos, timelines, and other information.  Scroll down to Nazi Germany/WW II including The Rise of Adolf Hitler (A Complete History in 24 chapters), Timeline of WW II in Europe (With hundreds of archive photos, text and documents), Holocaust Timeline (A Complete Chronicle of Nazi persecution of the Jews with over 150 photos and text).

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